Without getting too technical, bandwidth is the amount of data that can be transferred from one point to another in a given period of time. It’s often used in reference to networking and internet speeds. If you’ve ever heard someone say they have “high-speed internet,” they’re likely referring to a connection with a high bandwidth.
How Bandwidth Is Measured
Bandwidth is measured in bits per second (bps). For example, a 56K modem can transfer up to 56 kilobits (thousand bits) of data per second. Keep in mind, however, that the actual speed achieved by a 56K modem will be lower than 56 kbps due to line noise and other factors. Nevertheless, it’s still useful to think of bandwidth in bps.
One common source of bottlenecks is insufficient resources at the server end. A server bottleneck can quickly lead to a bandwidth bottleneck since there’s only so much data that the server can send at any given time. Another type of bottleneck occurs when two devices are trying to communicate with each other but are using different protocols or transmission speeds. In this case, the slower device effectively becomes a bottleneck for the faster one. for example, if you’re trying to transfer files from an old computer with a slow dial-up modem to a newer computer with a high-speed broadband connection, the speed of the dial-up modem will be the limiting factor. As such, it would be referred to as a bandwidth bottleneck. You can avoid this problem by using a file-sharing program that’s designed specifically for transfers between computers with different bandwidths.
In general terms, bandwidth is simply the amount of data that can be transferred from one point to another within a specific timeframe. It’s most often used in reference to networking and internet speeds and is typically measured in bits per second (bps). When troubleshooting sluggish performance on a network or internet connection, it’s important to check for potential bottlenecks—areas where traffic is being slowed down or halted altogether. Common sources of bottlenecks include insufficient resources at the server end and mismatched protocols or transmission speeds between devices. By understanding what causes bottlenecks, you can take steps to avoid them and keep your network running smoothly.